Criminal law involves different rules that induce the prosecution of the person for functions recognized as crimes through the government. People in prison for committing a criminal act could be incarcerated, fined, or both. Committing a criminal offense means violating public laws and regulations that are established by the us government, the condition or even the municipality. Included in this are felonies for example murder and rape in addition to misdemeanors for example petty thievery or jaywalking. Most felonies are punishable by one or two years jail time while misdemeanors are punishable by under annually within the slammer or any other lighter punishments for example community services with respect to the weight and sort of crime committed.
Ancient civilizations like the Sumerians were the first one to write codes of laws and regulations but didn’t distinguish civil and criminal laws and regulations. Most violations from the written laws and regulations were punished accordingly by physical punishment for example whipping or caning, incarceration which might change from each day to existence, house arrest, having to pay damages, or execution. Because the written laws and regulations developed and distinguished civil laws and regulations from criminal laws and regulations, criminal sanctions are enforced based on five objectives:
Retribution – the facet of making crooks spend the money for crime they committed by putting them at some uncomfortable disadvantage
Deterrence – this aims to sufficiently penalize offender to discourage him along with other offenders from committing the crime along with other criminal behavior
Incapacitation – crooks are taken from the society so the public could be protected from them. Prison sentences in addition to dying penalties serve this purpose.
Rehabilitation – involves transforming an offender right into a better citizen
Restitution – this aims to correct any hurt inflicted towards the victim through the offender for example having to pay for broken qualities or embezzled money.